You want your teeth are supposed to last a lifetime! Unfortunately, periodontal disease affects millions of people and most do not even know that they have it.
The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film of bacteria. Other causes of gum disease include smoking, genetics, pregnancy/menopause, stress, medications, clenching and grinding teeth, and diabetes.
Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease which is usually represented by swollen, red gums which bleed easily when brushing or flossing. Caused by inadequate oral hygiene, gingivitis can be treated with good oral hygiene care.
When gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. Periodontitis occurs over time when the bacterial plaque spreads and grows beneath the gum line. The bacteria produce toxins, which stimulates chronic inflammation around the teeth and gums. The tissue and bone that support the teeth gradually breaks down and results in tooth loss.
The sooner the diagnosis, the more predictable and favorable the outcome of treatment will be. Good oral hygiene and regular visits to our office are the best preventative maintenance.